What is the legality of psilocybin in Mexico?

Is Psilocybin Legal in Mexico?

In Mexico, psilocybin is considered a controlled substance, and its possession, sale, and distribution are illegal. However, there is an exception for the traditional use of psilocybin mushrooms in religious ceremonies by indigenous communities. This exception is recognized by Mexican authorities and is protected under the country’s constitution, which guarantees the right to cultural and religious freedom.

What Terms are Commonly Used for Psilocybin Mushrooms in Mexico?

Psilocybin mushrooms are known by various names in Mexico. Some of the most common terms include:

  • Los niños santos (the holy children)
  • Los hongos mágicos (the magic mushrooms)
  • Los hongos alucinógenos (the hallucinogenic mushrooms)
  • Los hongos psicodélicos (the psychedelic mushrooms)

Is it Legal to Grow Psilocybin Mushrooms in Mexico?

Growing psilocybin mushrooms in Mexico is illegal, and individuals found cultivating them may face criminal charges. However, as mentioned earlier, the use of psilocybin mushrooms in traditional indigenous ceremonies is an exception and is legally protected. It is important to note that this exception does not apply to non-indigenous individuals or communities.

What are the Penalties and Enforcement for Psilocybin in Mexico?

Penalties for possession, sale, and distribution of psilocybin mushrooms in Mexico can vary depending on the amount and circumstances involved. In general, the penalties can include:

  • Imprisonment
  • Fines
  • Forfeiture of assets

It is important to note that Mexican law enforcement authorities have been known to crack down on the illegal sale and distribution of psilocybin mushrooms, particularly in popular tourist destinations such as beach resorts and party hotspots.

What are the Government Laws and Links Related to Psilocybin in Mexico?

The primary law governing the control of psilocybin and other psychoactive substances in Mexico is the General Health Law (Ley General de Salud). The specific provisions related to psilocybin can be found in the following sections:

  • Title Fourteen: Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, and Other Prohibited Substances (Título Catorce: De los estupefacientes, psicotrópicos y demás sustancias que produzcan efectos similares)
  • Chapter II: Psychotropic Substances (Capítulo II: De los psicotrópicos)
  • Article 245: Listing of Controlled Substances (Artículo 245: Listado de sustancias controladas)

In addition to the General Health Law, Mexico has also signed and ratified several international drug control treaties, including the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, which specifically lists psilocybin as a Schedule I substance. The full text of the treaty can be found here.

1 thought on “What is the legality of psilocybin in Mexico?”

  1. This article was extremely informative and helpful in providing insight on the legal status of psilocybin in Mexico. The comprehensive legal analysis provided in the post made it clear that psilocybin is illegal in Mexico, and the potential ramifications for violations of the law were elucidated. Furthermore, the post provided invaluable guidance on the legal implications of possessing and using psilocybin while travelling in Mexico, which will be extremely useful to anyone planning to visit the country.


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