In Yemen, prostitution is illegal and is considered a criminal act under the country’s Penal Code. The laws related to prostitution in Yemen are outlined in the Yemeni Penal Code (Law No. 12 of 1994). Article 279 of the Penal Code specifically states that engaging in prostitution or soliciting sex in public places is punishable by law.
Additionally, there are several other provisions in the Penal Code that criminalize activities related to prostitution. For example, Article 278 prohibits the operation of brothels, while Article 280 criminalizes the act of facilitating prostitution. Furthermore, Article 282 of the Penal Code addresses the issue of child prostitution, making it a punishable offense.
What penalties and law enforcement measures exist in Yemen for prostitution?
Individuals found guilty of engaging in prostitution or related activities in Yemen can face a range of penalties, including imprisonment and fines. According to the Penal Code, the penalties for prostitution-related offenses are as follows:
- Article 279: Engaging in prostitution or soliciting sex in public places is punishable by imprisonment for up to two years and a fine of up to 1,000 riyals.
- Article 278: Operating a brothel is punishable by imprisonment for up to three years and a fine of up to 2,000 riyals.
- Article 280: Facilitating prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for up to two years and a fine of up to 1,000 riyals.
- Article 282: Child prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for up to five years and a fine of up to 5,000 riyals.
Law enforcement agencies in Yemen are responsible for enforcing these laws and investigating prostitution-related offenses. However, due to the ongoing conflict and instability in the country, the effectiveness of law enforcement efforts has been hindered, and prostitution remains a persistent issue.
How is prostitution locally referred to in Yemen?
In Yemen, prostitution is often referred to as zina or fahisha, which are Arabic terms that broadly translate to immorality or indecency. These terms are used to describe the act of engaging in sexual activities outside of marriage, including prostitution.
What is the historical background of prostitution in Yemen?
The history of prostitution in Yemen can be traced back to ancient times when the region was part of the Sabaean Kingdom. Historical records indicate that temple prostitution was practiced in the area, with women offering sexual services to worshipers in exchange for offerings to the gods.
Over the centuries, prostitution continued to exist in Yemen, often operating covertly due to societal and religious taboos. With the establishment of the modern Yemeni state and the implementation of the Penal Code, prostitution became a criminal offense, and efforts were made to eradicate the practice. However, ongoing political instability, poverty, and a lack of effective law enforcement have contributed to the continued prevalence of prostitution in the country.
For more information on prostitution legality in Yemen, the following resources may be helpful:
- Yemeni Penal Code (Law No. 12 of 1994)
- U.S. Department of State – 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Yemen
- European Country of Origin Information Network – Yemen
These resources provide information on the legal framework surrounding prostitution in Yemen, as well as insights into the country’s human rights situation and the challenges faced by law enforcement agencies in addressing the issue of prostitution.