Is Prostitution Legal in Hidalgo, Mexico?
In Mexico, prostitution is considered a legal activity, but it is regulated by each state’s laws. In the state of Hidalgo, prostitution is not criminalized, but it is subject to certain regulations and restrictions. This means that sex workers can legally offer their services, but they must comply with specific guidelines and limitations to avoid penalties.
What Are the Laws and Penalties Surrounding Prostitution in Hidalgo?
While prostitution itself is not a crime in Hidalgo, there are certain activities related to it that are illegal. These include:
- Pimping or procuring
- Forcing someone into prostitution
- Child prostitution
- Operating a brothel without a permit
Violations of these laws can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment and fines. In some cases, human trafficking charges may also be filed against those involved in illegal prostitution activities.
How is Prostitution Referred to Locally in Hidalgo, Mexico?
Prostitution in Mexico is often referred to by different names and euphemisms. In Hidalgo, as in other parts of the country, sex workers may be called trabajadoras sexuales (sexual workers) or acompañantes (companions). Brothels are often called casas de citas (appointment houses) or zona de tolerancia (tolerance zones), while street prostitution may be referred to as trabajo en la calle (street work).
What is the History of Prostitution in Hidalgo, Mexico?
Prostitution has a long history in Mexico, dating back to pre-Hispanic times. During the colonial period, the Catholic Church attempted to suppress prostitution, but it continued to exist in various forms. In the 19th century, during the Porfirian era, prostitution became more regulated, with the establishment of red-light districts and the requirement for sex workers to register with local authorities.
In the 20th century, prostitution laws in Mexico evolved, and different states adopted their own regulations. In Hidalgo, the state government has historically been more permissive toward prostitution, allowing the establishment of tolerance zones where sex work can be conducted legally. These zones are subject to regulations, such as mandatory health checks for sex workers and restrictions on the operation of brothels.
What Government Laws and Resources Exist Regarding Prostitution in Hidalgo, Mexico?
The Mexican federal government and the Hidalgo state government have enacted laws and created resources to address the issue of prostitution. Some of these include:
- Federal Law Against Human Trafficking: This law, enacted in 2012, criminalizes human trafficking, including for the purpose of sexual exploitation. It provides for penalties ranging from 15 to 30 years in prison for those convicted of trafficking offenses.
- Hidalgo State Law on the Prevention, Investigation, and Punishment of Human Trafficking: This state law complements the federal law, providing additional penalties and measures to combat human trafficking in Hidalgo.
- Hidalgo State Program to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate Human Trafficking: This program, launched in 2015, aims to raise awareness about human trafficking, provide assistance to victims, and strengthen coordination among different government agencies to combat this crime.
- Resources for Sex Workers: The Hidalgo state government, in coordination with non-governmental organizations, provides resources and support for sex workers, such as access to health services, legal assistance, and workshops on topics such as human rights and self-care.
While prostitution is legal in Hidalgo, it is important to recognize the difference between consensual sex work and human trafficking. Authorities in Hidalgo continue to work on addressing the issue of human trafficking and providing resources for sex workers to ensure their safety and well-being.