Is Prostitution Legal in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, prostitution is illegal. The law in this Balkan country does not differentiate between voluntary and involuntary prostitution, considering all forms of sex work to be against the law. Although the country has a complex legal system due to its three major ethnic groups (Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs), the illegality of prostitution remains consistent across all jurisdictions.
What Are the Penalties and Enforcement Measures for Prostitution?
The penalties for engaging in prostitution, as well as for organizing and facilitating it, vary depending on the specific jurisdiction within Bosnia and Herzegovina. Some common penalties include:
- Confiscation of property
Enforcement of these penalties can be inconsistent, as the local police forces often lack the resources and training to effectively combat prostitution and human trafficking. Additionally, corruption within law enforcement agencies can hinder efforts to crack down on prostitution.
How is Prostitution Referred to Locally in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, prostitution is often referred to as sex work or sex trafficking. The local language, Bosnian, uses the terms prostitucija (prostitution), seksualni rad (sex work), and trgovina ljudima (human trafficking). It is important to note that not all sex workers in the country are victims of trafficking, but the illegal nature of the industry makes it difficult to separate voluntary sex work from forced prostitution.
What is the History of Prostitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Prostitution has been present in the region of Bosnia and Herzegovina for centuries. During the Ottoman Empire, which controlled the area from the 15th to the 19th century, prostitution was regulated and taxed. In the 20th century, the region became part of Yugoslavia, and prostitution was criminalized under socialist policies.
During the Bosnian War (1992-1995), the issue of prostitution and human trafficking became more prominent. The war created a climate of instability and lawlessness, which allowed organized crime to flourish. Many women and girls were trafficked into the country for forced prostitution, with some estimates suggesting that as many as 20,000 women were trafficked during the war.
Since the end of the war, Bosnia and Herzegovina has struggled to address the issue of prostitution and human trafficking. Despite the illegality of prostitution, the industry continues to thrive, with many women, both local and foreign, working as sex workers.
What Government Laws and Resources Address Prostitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
The government of Bosnia and Herzegovina has taken steps to address the issue of prostitution and human trafficking. Some key laws and resources include:
|The Criminal Code of Bosnia and Herzegovina includes provisions criminalizing prostitution, as well as organizing and facilitating it. Penalties include fines, imprisonment, and confiscation of property.
|Law on Prevention and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
|This law specifically addresses human trafficking and provides for the protection and assistance of victims, as well as the prosecution of traffickers. It also establishes a National Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings.
|Strategy for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
|This strategy, adopted in 2015, outlines the government’s plan to prevent and combat human trafficking through a coordinated, multi-sectoral approach. It includes measures to improve law enforcement, victim assistance, and public awareness.
|Shelters and Assistance Programs
|The government, in cooperation with NGOs, operates shelters and assistance programs for victims of human trafficking and prostitution. These programs provide medical, psychological, legal, and social support to help victims reintegrate into society.
Despite these efforts, challenges remain in the fight against prostitution and human trafficking in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Greater resources, more effective law enforcement, and increased public awareness are needed to address this complex issue.