Is cannabis legal in Mozambique?

What is the legality of cannabis in Mozambique?

Cannabis, locally known as soruma or dagga, is illegal in Mozambique. The use, possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis are all prohibited under Mozambican law. However, despite its illegality, cannabis is widely consumed and cultivated in the country, especially in rural areas. It is also a major transit point for cannabis trafficking in the region.

What is the public opinion on cannabis in Mozambique?

Public opinion on cannabis in Mozambique is varied, with some people supporting its legalization for medical and recreational use, while others oppose it due to concerns about drug abuse and social problems. There is a growing movement in Mozambique advocating for the decriminalization of cannabis, with proponents arguing that it could boost the country’s economy, create jobs, and reduce drug-related crime. However, conservative and religious groups in the country often resist these efforts, citing the potential negative impacts on public health and social stability.

What are the laws and penalties for cannabis use in Mozambique?

The Mozambican Penal Code criminalizes the use, possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis. Penalties for cannabis-related offenses vary depending on the nature and severity of the crime:

  • Use or possession of small amounts of cannabis for personal use may result in a fine or up to six months in prison.
  • Large-scale cultivation, trafficking, or sale of cannabis can lead to imprisonment for several years.
  • Repeat offenders and those involved in organized drug trafficking networks may face even harsher penalties.

Despite these laws, enforcement is often lax, especially in rural areas where cannabis cultivation is widespread. Many people who are caught with small amounts of cannabis are often let off with a warning or a small fine, although this can vary depending on the circumstances and the discretion of law enforcement officers.

What terminology is used for cannabis in Mozambique?

In Mozambique, cannabis is commonly referred to as soruma or dagga. These terms are used to describe both the plant and the various products derived from it, such as marijuana and hashish. Other slang terms and colloquial expressions for cannabis may also be used, depending on the region and local language.

Is CBD legal in Mozambique?

There is currently no specific legislation regarding the legality of cannabidiol (CBD) in Mozambique. CBD, which is a non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis, has gained popularity worldwide for its potential therapeutic benefits. However, since it is derived from the cannabis plant, it is likely that CBD products would be considered illegal under Mozambican law.

Is medical marijuana legal in Mozambique?

Medical marijuana is not legal in Mozambique. Despite the growing global trend towards the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes, Mozambique has not yet enacted any legislation to allow the use of marijuana for medical reasons. As a result, patients seeking cannabis-based treatments for various medical conditions are not able to access them legally in the country.

What are the cultivation regulations for marijuana in Mozambique?

Cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Mozambique, regardless of the intended use. Farmers who are caught growing cannabis may face fines, imprisonment, or both. However, as mentioned earlier, enforcement of these laws is often lax in rural areas, where cannabis cultivation is widespread and seen as a traditional practice by many communities.

What are some helpful links and resources regarding cannabis laws in Mozambique?

For more information about cannabis laws in Mozambique, consider the following resources:

  • UNODC – Cannabis in Mozambique: Patterns of production, trafficking, and consumption
  • European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) – Mozambique Country Drug Report
  • Medicus Mundi – Legal Cannabis in Mozambique: An interview with Mozambican activist and researcher João Feijó

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